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Here’s What Happens to Kellyanne Conway If She Broke Law By Promoting Ivanka Products


As we reported earlier, Kellyanne Conway may have made a big mistake by appearing on television earlier Thursday morning and hawking Ivanka Trump‘s product in front of a national audience. “Go buy Ivanka’s stuff,” Conway said. “I’m gonna give it a free commercial here. Go buy it today, everybody. You can find it online.” But, you see, there is a federal law that actually pretty explicitly prevents this.

The regulation, 5 CFR 2635.702, says: “An employee shall not use his public office for his own private gain, for the endorsement of any product, service or enterprise, or for the private gain of friends, relatives, or persons with whom the employee is affiliated in a nongovernmental capacity.”

Legal experts from across the country are weighing in saying this endorsement was a clear violation.

Don W. Fox, former general counsel of Office of Government Ethics, told The Washington Post that “This is jaw-dropping to me. This rule has been promulgated by the federal Office of Government Ethics as part of the Standards of Conduct for all executive branch employees and it applies to all members of the armed forces as well.”

So what will happen to Conway? The answer is probably not much of anything. The law is pretty vague when it comes to penalties, and ultimately leaves it up to the President to do anything to her.

“The issue is whether the White House will even acknowledge that this is wrong, this shouldn’t have been done,” Larry Noble from the Campaign Legal Center told  “I don’t expect to see (a punishment) but I can always hope.”

Typically, Noble says an employee may face a warning, suspension, or even firing for this kind of ethics violation.

“This is an unusual situation, because of who is involved in it,” Noble said.  “This isn’t being done inadvertently. They are doing this purposely. The way she did it was very much in your face.”

So, as far as penalties, the law states:

A violation of this part or of supplemental agency regulations may be cause for appropriate corrective or disciplinary action to be taken under applicable Governmentwide regulations or agency procedures. Such action may be in addition to any action or penalty prescribed by law.

As you can see it’s pretty nonspecific. So who would even initiate the investigation against Conway? Well, according to the law, “It is the responsibility of the employing agency to initiate appropriate disciplinary or corrective action.” Since Kellyanne Conway is counsel to the President, it would be up to Trump to initiate an investigation.

However, there is a caveat.

Corrective action may ALSO be ordered or disciplinary action recommended by the Director of the Office of Government Ethics. The Director of the Office of Government Ethics (OGE) is Walter M. Shaub, who has been quite critical of Trump. For example, last month, he slammed President Trumps conflict-of-interest plan, saying it “does not meet the standards.” It is likely that Shaub’s agency will receive a complaint about Conway’s comments, and may advise the White House about the law.

Next, OGE will probably generate a letter or report, and may even find that Conway violated the law. But, OGE has no enforcement or investigative authority.  So ultimately the President has a lot of discretion on whether to take any action. As OGE noted in a series of tweets, other agencies do have the power to investigate:

In typical cases, a multi-day suspension might be issued against the employee. But, this case is far from typical. And considering that just yesterday, President Donald Trump semi-endorsed Ivanka’s products on his own Twitter account by blasting Nordstrom’s for dropping her line, it is unlikely Trump would jump at an opportunity to punish Conway.

We’ve reached out to additional experts on this issue, and will update accordingly. 

Editor’s Note: This piece has been updated with tweets from the Office of Government Ethics. 

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Rachel Stockman is President of Law&Crime which includes Law&Crime Productions, Law&Crime Network and Under her watch, the company has grown from just a handful of people to a robust production company and network producing dozens of true crime shows a year in partnership with major networks. She also currently serves as Executive Producer of Court Cam, a hit show on A&E, and I Survived a Crime, a new crime show premiering on A&E this fall. She also oversees production of a new daily syndicated show Law&Crime Daily, which is produced in conjunction with Litton Entertainment. In addition to these shows, her network and production company produce programs for Facebook Watch, Cineflix and others. She has spent years covering courts and legal issues, and was named Atlanta Press Club's 'Rising Star' in 2014. Rachel graduated from Northwestern University's Medill School of Journalism and Yale Law School.